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ORIGIN:
Spain.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The presence of this dog in the Iberian Peninsula is most ancient. His origin is the same like that of the old “Barbet”. His most dense population is in Andalusia where he is used as a shepherd dog, and where he has been known for centuries as the “Turkish dog”. His characteristics, most particularly the quality of his coat, are adapted to the variation of humidity and drought of the marshy regions, which qualifies him as a shepherd dog and as a helper to the hunters of waterfowl and fishermen in those regions.

- I,1.
GENERAL APPEARANCE:
Rustic dog, well proportioned (medium weight), dolichocephalic, of rather elongated harmonious shape and attractive appearance, of an athletic nature with well developed muscles owing to his regular exercise; the profile is rectilinear ; his sight, hearing and scent are well developed.

- I,2.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT:
Faithful, obedient, gay, hard working, watchful and well balanced.  Learning ability is outstanding owing to his extraordinary mental grasp; he adapts to all situations and conditions.

- I,3.
UTILIZATION:
Used as shepherd dog, hunting dog and assistant to the fisherman.


- II,
SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at withers: males: 44 to 50 cm, females: 40 to 46 cm.
2 cm maximum deviation is admitted in both sexes whenever the subject maintains balance according to his height at withers.

Weight: males: 18 - 22 kg, females: 14 - 18 kg.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

- Length of body / size (height at withers) = 9/8.
- Depth of chest / size (height at withers) = 4/8.
- Length of muzzle / length of skull = 2/3.


- III,
PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES

HEAD: Strong, carried with elegance.

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull:
Flat with only slightly marked occipital crest. Axes of skull and muzzle parallel.
Stop: Facial-cranial depression gentle, only slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION: Profile is rectilinear .
Nose: Nostrils well defined.  Nose is of the same color or slightly darker than the darkest tone of the coat.
Lips: Well fitting; labial corners well defined.
Teeth: Well formed, white, with well developed canines.
Eyes: Slightly oblique position, very expressive; of a hazel to chestnut color, should harmonize with the color of the coat.  The conjunctiva is not apparent.
Ears: Set at medium height, triangular and drooping.


- IV, NECK: Short, well muscled, without dewlap, well set into the shoulders.


- V,
BODY

BODY: Robust.
Topline: Straight.
Withers: Hardly marked.
Back: Straight and powerful.
Croup: Slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad and well let down - ribs well arched; diameter of thorax ample indicating considerable respiratory capacity.
Underline: Belly slightly tucked up.


- VI,
LIMBS -
FOREQUARTERS:
Strong and vertical.
Shoulders: Well muscled and oblique.
Upper arms: Sturdy.
Elbows: Close to the chest and parallel.
Forearms: Straight and sturdy.
Carpus(Pastern joint) and pastern: Straight, rather short.
Front feet: Rounded, toes tight, nails of varied colors; resistant pads.


- VII,
LIMBS - HINDQUARTERS:

Perfectly vertical with not too pronounced angulations and muscles capable of transmitting to the body a very energetic impulsion and the spring necessary for easy and elegant jumping.

Upper thighs: Long and well muscled.
Second thighs: Well developed.
Hock joint: Well let down.
Hock: Short, lean and perpendicular to the ground.
Hind feet: As the forefeet.


- VIII,
TAIL:
Set at medium height. Docking must be done at the height of the 2nd to the 4th caudal vertebra.
Certain subjects show a congenital shortened tail (brachyouria).


- IX,
GAIT/MOVEMENT:
The preferred gait is the trot.


- X,
SKIN:
Supple, fine and well adhering to the body. Can be pigmented brown or black, or be without pigment according to the color of the coat. The same applies to the mucous membranes.


- XI,
COAT - HAIR:
Always curly and of a woolly texture. Curly when short, can form cords when long. Clipped subjects are admitted; the clipping, always complete and even, must never become an “aesthetic” grooming.

The recommended maximum length of the hair for shows is 12 cm (15 cm extending the curl) and the minimum is 3 cm to see the quality of the curl. The puppies always are born with curly hair.


- XII,
COLOR:
· Solid: White, black and chestnut in their different shades.
· Bicolored: White and black or white and brown in their different shades.
· Tricolored subjects, and black and tan as well as hazelnut and tan dogs are not admitted.


- XIII,
FAULTS:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS:
· Dorso-lumbar region distinctly saddle-backed.
· Limbs incorrect.
· Belly let down or excessively tucked up.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:
· Inferior or superior prognathism.
· Presence of dewclaws.
· Smoothor wavycoat.
· Albinism.
· Spotty or fleckedcoat, black and tan or chestnut and tan coat.
· Lack of balance in character.
· Evident timidity or aggressiveness.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Note: Spanish Waterdogs are always born with curly hair. When it is long it should always be curly in all parts of the body. Even after a dog is shaved at the lowest setting possible after a washing the dog the hair should curl up automactically.

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